Toyota Yaris: Precautions for repairing body structure panels - Introduction - Toyota Yaris XP90 2005–2010 Collision Repair ManualToyota Yaris: Precautions for repairing body structure panels

1. HEAT REPAIR FOR BODY STRUCTURE PANELS

Toyota prohibits the use of the heat repair method on body structure panels when

Toyota prohibits the use of the heat repair method on body structure panels when repairing a vehicle damaged in a collision.

Panels that have high strength and rigidity, as well as a long life span for the automobile body are in high demand.

At Toyota, in order to fulfill these requirement, we use high tensile strength steel sheets and rust preventive steel sheets on the body. High tensile steel sheets are made with alloy additives and a special heat treatment in order to improve the strength.

To prevent the occurrence of rust for a long period of time, the surface of the steel is coated with a zinc alloy.

If body structure parts are heat repaired with an acetylene torch or other heating source, the crystalline organization of the steel sheet will change and the strength of the steel sheet will be reduced. The ability of the body to resist rust is significantly lowered as well since the rust resistant zinc coating is destroyed by heat and the steel sheet surface is oxidized.

2. STRUCTURE PANEL KINKS

A sharp deformation angle on a panel that cannot be returned to its original

A sharp deformation angle on a panel that cannot be returned to its original shape by pulling or hammering is called a kink.

Structural parts are designed to perform in their original shape. If parts are deformed in an accident, or if the deformed parts are repaired and reused, the parts may be unable to perform as intended.

It is necessary to replace the part where the kink has occurred.

3. IMPACT BEAM REPAIR

The impact beam and bracket are necessary and important parts that help reduce

The impact beam and bracket are necessary and important parts that help reduce the probability of injury to passengers in side collisions.

For impact beams, we use special high tensile strength steel.

The high tensile strength steel maintains its special crystalline organization by heat treatment or alloy additives.

Structural parts are designed to perform in their original shape. If parts are deformed in an accident, or if the deformed parts are repaired and reused, the parts may be unable to perform as intended.

If the impact beam or bracket is damaged, replace the door assembly with the damaged beam.

Also, the bumper reinforcement is a necessary and important part that helps reduce the probability of injury to passengers in front collisions, and for the same reasons explained above, should be replaced if damaged.

    Handling precautions on related components
    1. BRAKE SYSTEM The brake system is one of the most important safety components. Always follow the directions and notes given in the brake (32) section of the repair manual for the relevant model ...

    Abbreviations used in this manual
    For convenience, the following abbreviations are used in this manual. ABS Antilock Brake System. A/C Air Conditioner. assy assembly. ECT Electronic Controlled Transmission. ECU Electronic Control ...

    See also:

    Rear floor crossmember NO.2 (ASSY): Sedan
    REPLACEMENT REMOVAL     INSTALLATION Temporarily install the new parts and measure each part of the new parts in accordance with the body dimension diagram. (See the body dimen ...

    Rear door outer panel (CUT): Sedan U.S.A., Canada
    REPLACEMENT REMOVAL INSTALLATION Temporarily install the new parts and measure each part of the new parts in accordance with the body dimension diagram. (See the body dimension diagram) Inspe ...

    Indicator symbols on the instrument panel
    Brake system warning light*1 Driver’s seat belt reminder light*1 Front passenger’s seat belt reminder light*1 Charging system warning light*1 ...